HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) invades white blood cells and reproduces inside these meaning the body has fewer white blood cells to fight infection. HIV can lead to AIDs (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) which significantly lowers the sufferer’s life expectancy. It is estimated that 35 million people worldwide are currently suffering from HIV/Aids. People are most likely to die worldwide between the ages of 20 and 24.
|Impacts of HIV / Aids||Management Schemes||Impacts of Management Schemes|
· 91,000 deaths
· 47% of households with orphans cannot afford to educated them
· Hospitals have to focus on treatment rather than prevention due to high patient numbers
|Increased education about sexual health, introduction of the ABC system – Abstain, Be Faithful and use a Condom||Health:
· Increased demand for Condoms lead to a shortage in 2011.
· Since 2000 life expectancy has risen for people with HIV to 55 a rise of 9 years.
· Discrimination towards those with HIV.
· Infection has a devastating impact on the family unit
|In 1990 a USAID programme helped to increase condom use in Urban areas from 7% to 85% in urban areas.||Lifestyle:
· ARVs being free means people see HIV as treatable so take risks.
· 1.1 million orphans due to HIV.
· Drop in size of workforce especially in agriculture has lead to lower GDP per capita.
|In 1997 a same day testing and counselling service was introduced meaning people no longer had to wait 2 weeks to find out.||Economic Development:
· To pay for ARVs they have had to take out a large debt leading to a potential GDP fall of 1.25% in future.
|Free ARVs (antiretroviral) to sufferers in Uganda|