Famine in Ethiopia

Causes:

  • 2nd Poorest in the World according to Oxford University meaning that they haven’t got the required money to purchase expensive imports and are therefore reliant on the purchase of locally grown produce which is unreliable.
  • Unreliable rains mean that the 85% of the workforce who work in agriculture are regularly disappointed with the crop yields leading to price rises.
  • War with Eritrea means that trucks and other vehicles may be used for army rather than resource distribution. Eritrea only local port so reliant on them for aid.

 

Consequences:

  • 85% of Jobs are in agriculture
  • Herdsmen needed to kill cattle that were used for milk, leading to a fall in the supply of milk resulting in malnutrition especially in pregnant women.
  • In 1984 one person died ever 20 seconds
  • 1 Million People were killed overall.
  • Conditions in refugee camps lead to spread of diseases such as TB.

Prevention:

  • Oxfam and Doctors without borders first to respond to requests for help, closely followed by Thatchers British government. Continued to this day.
  • Early warning system set up to predict times of poor rainfall so the country can prepare.
  • Since 2004 the government hold 350,000 metric tonnes of food in reserves.

 

Problems with Prevention:

  • Reserves have fallen to 50,000 metric tonnes and not been replenished
  • Over dependency on countries aid donations can lead to inactivity to fix issues.
  • Coordination between agencies can fall apart resulting in poor allocation of resources
  • Poor infrastructure can result in aid not reaching destination
  • Powdered milk sent to a nation suffering from drought… ?