Disease of Affluence: Type 2 Diabetes in the UK and Egypt

Type 2 diabetes is when your body doesn’t produce insulin correctly. It causes your blood glucose levels to rise above normal levels. You are particularly at risk of Type 2 diabetes if you are one of the following:

  • Above the age of 40.
  • Have a close relative with the condition.
  • Are overweight or obese
  • Are of South Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin.

Global Distribution of Diabetes: Diabetes in very common in the Middle East, South Asia and Europe. The reason for this is a mixture between the traditional diets of these countries (eg Egypt) being very fatty and the increase in wealth in these nations has lead to more unhealthy lifestyles.

UK:  In England in 2010 it was estimated that there were 3 .1 million people with diabetes by 2030 this figure is expected to rise to 4.6 million. This is due to a number of factors including the rising levels of obesity.