Type 2 diabetes is when your body doesn’t produce insulin correctly. It causes your blood glucose levels to rise above normal levels. You are particularly at risk of Type 2 diabetes if you are one of the following:
- Above the age of 40.
- Have a close relative with the condition.
- Are overweight or obese
- Are of South Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin.
Global Distribution of Diabetes: Diabetes in very common in the Middle East, South Asia and Europe. The reason for this is a mixture between the traditional diets of these countries (eg Egypt) being very fatty and the increase in wealth in these nations has lead to more unhealthy lifestyles.
UK: In England in 2010 it was estimated that there were 3 .1 million people with diabetes by 2030 this figure is expected to rise to 4.6 million. This is due to a number of factors including the rising levels of obesity.